An American fighting for ISIS will now stand trial in the US
A Russian-born American has been captured in Syria by Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces troops. The anti-ISIS fighters have captured thousands of defeated Islamic State militants in the country since the fall of its de facto capital of Raqqa in 2017. They have returned the captured American to U.S. forces – and now he will stand trial in the United States.
This is not the first instance of Americans who left to join the terrorist state being captured and repatriated to the United States. Two American women and four children have also been captured and returned to the U.S.
Thousands of ISIS-affiliated persons have been captured in the former "caliphate."
The SDF in Syria is a force of American-trained and supported fighters, primarily of Kurdish origin. They have captured thousands of such fighters since the fall of the Islamic State's "caliphate" and returned many to their countries of origin. Most of those returnees come from Europe, who struggles with repatriating the fighters and even prosecuting them. While the United States stands ready to prosecute the fighter, European countries differ on how to handle returnees, for example, the UK won't accept them but Italy will.
When the U.S. first started planning for the return of captured fighters, the Trump Administration originally planned to incarcerate them at the U.S. military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Instead, Trump has sent returning ISIS-affiliated repatriates to the civilian court system. In June 2019, American-born wives and children of ISIS fighters were captured by the SDF and returned to the U.S.
The status of ISIS-born children is an emerging controversy.
Those affiliated with the Islamic State but aren't accepted by their former country of citizenship are more likely to be held in vastly overcrowded prison camps in Syria or held in government jails. European countries are refusing the fighters because their justice systems would require gathering sufficient evidence of wartime crimes (being a member of ISIS isn't enough to secure a conviction), and if tried, there's a chance the ISIS fighters could walk free. The United States isn't facing a huge influx of returning fighters.
In the meantime, much effort is expended by all armed forces in the region in returning families of Islamic State fighters to their countries of origin, many coming from nearby Iraq or far-flung places as far as China and Uzbekistan.
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