This Olympic athlete's simple brain tricks builds mental strength
Fabian Hambüchen knew from childhood that he was going to compete in the Olympic Games — and he knew that he was going to get gold.
In 2016, his dream came true at the Olympic Games in Rio where he won gold on the high bar. But the path to gold was anything but easy: the life of a gymnast is characterized by the pressure to perform, setbacks and injuries, and experiences that demand a lot of mental strength.
At the Fibo 2018 sports fair in Cologne, Fabian Hambüchen told Business Insider about his most excruciating defeat and how he fought his way back to the top mentally.
How your brain can scupper your plans
As reigning World Champion, Fabian Hambüchen travelled to Beijing in 2008 to go for gold.
"I was the favourite. I had the opportunity to win several medals and it was expected that I'd get gold on the high bar," he said.
His chances were good — but his thought process sabotaged him and he ended up with a bronze medal.
"When I qualified, it went great. I was in the best starting position possible. But then these thoughts went through my mind: I really want to become an Olympic champion. This is my big dream. I want this, I want this, I want this." These thoughts "set him on a completely wrong track" and led him to slip up.
The disappointment was immense. "I compensated by training harder and harder until my body told me its limits," he describes the time after the games. "I hurt myself, yet I carried on. In the end, I injured myself even more severely: I tore my Achilles tendon."
That was when Fabian Hambüchen realised he had to change something: his way of thinking. He had to get stronger not physically but mentally.
"I didn't respond sensibly. I trained too much, I was too ambitious, and my injury stopped me in my tracks — but in the end it was the best thing that could have happened to me. It was then that I began to realise that there are other ways of moving forward."
Hambüchen's tips for mental strength
Gymnastics is a tough scene, in which Hambüchen started training very early. He received mental support from his uncle, a qualified teacher who had specialised in mental coaching.
Hambüchen now has some of his own tips for mental strength. One thing he learned after winning bronze in Beijing was to focus only on what was essential. Question why it actually is that you're doing what you're doing.
"I remind myself that the reason I'm doing this sport is that I love gymnastics and I enjoy doing it. When we do sport as kids, we all do it because we enjoy it; not because we're training to become world champion or to get rich off it," he said.
Hambüchen said that if you keep reminding yourself of this and keep looking within yourself, searching yourself and asking yourself about why it is you're doing what you're doing, it can quickly ground you again, renew your energy, gratitude and motivation. And there's a positive side-effect with gratitude: studies have shown that gratitude increases well-being and reduces the risk of depression.
"We tend to try and change situations we can't," said Hambüchen. Another trick for mental strength is to remember what is and isn't in your hands.
"What's the point in wasting energy on things you can't control? I'm not walking up to the high bar wondering what kind of referees are sat there. They're all just people, the rating is subjective and there's nothing you can do about it."
This applies not only to sport but, studies show, to work or to one's personal life. Don't allow others to take control of you — it's up to you to give others the power to ruin your day.
"It's important to focus on the self and to try to be the best version of yourself," advised Hambüchen.
Of course, this is all a lot easier said than done. Hambüchen stresses that it took him years to mentally train himself into mastering this technique. But it paid off.
"Understanding what needs doing and then applying it to the situation with the right approach is a huge challenge. But if you internalise this message and are completely in touch with yourself, you can call on your maximum performance. None of this guarantees success but, rather, it serves as a technique to fall back on when your mind is getting in your way. And it works."
Recovering from physical injury
"I've learned to learn from defeats, to analyze them and to think about what I can change to do better," said Hambüchen. Even after that, not everything went well. "But I still thought differently, I wasn't so dogged in how I went at things."
It was this new way of thinking and mental strength that helped him win silver at the 2012 Olympic Games in London and then gold in Rio in 2016, despite having a torn supraspinatus muscle.
Tower Bridge : 2012 Olympic Rings
These victories are largely due to his mental strength. With the help of his doctor he suppressed the pain and his health wasn't constantly in the fore of his mind.
"The shoulder is a joint that's very well supported by muscles. So you can do it without that one string. Everything beyond that was a matter of the mind."
He was unable to train for three months due to the injury. Normally, after such a long break, it takes weeks and months to get fit again — but Hambüchen only had three weeks remaining before the national championships to qualify for the Olympic Games in Rio.
"During this time I gave my training my all, adjusted mentally and paid close attention to my diet. "I lost five to six kilos in two to three weeks and was really fit." And he won the gold medal on high bar.
After winning gold, Fabian Hambüchen ended his international career. He's learned an important lesson in life: there's no point in allowing others to negatively influence you and in constantly worrying about things that aren't in your hands.
With this newly acquired mental strength, he was able to call on his abilities precisely when he needed them and, as a result, was able to celebrate the greatest victory of his career.
"Another four years of giving it my all and to then be rewarded with gold is such an accomplishment ... it was mad, and just awesome."
This article originally appeared on Business Insider. Follow @BusinessInsider on Twitter.
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