The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise - We Are The Mighty

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

Calf exercises are to build size on the calves. The calves are used to carrying you for miles and miles, so they take a while to fatigue, and we can program them for higher repetitions.

Calf Raise 101

Calf Raise — Setup

1. Exercise selection

Choose your variation and ensure there is enough clearance for you to be able to move through the entire range of motion.

Some options:

  • Calf Machine
  • Stair Calves
  • Leg Press Calves
  • Smith Machine Calves

Calf Raise — Execution

1. Concentric portion

Press the weight away as your ankle goes into plantar flexion.

  • Exhale with plantar flexion

2. Isometric portion

Hold at the top of the movement for a split second.

3. Eccentric portion

Let the weight down slowly as your ankle enters dorsiflexion.

  • Inhale with dorsiflexion

Calf Raise — Coaching Cues

  • Don’t bounce the reps.
  • Pause at top and pause at bottom to prevent bounce
  • You’re stronger at this than you think
  • This is one of the few exercises I advocate starting heavier than you initially think appropriate.
  • Execute full range of motion.
  • There is no benefit to shortened ranges of motion, unless you are already doing another variation of a movement at full ROM and are using a partial range to strengthen a weak spot. This is what bodybuilders do. Not you.

Calf Raise — Adjustments

Lighter weight will alleviate most issues.

If you roll your ankle running or playing drunken chicken with shopping carts in a parking lot, this is a great exercise to restore range of motion and to help keep blood flow to the area constant.

Abstain from calf raises if the pain is unbearable, as they are an ancillary exercise.

Point your toes in different directions to hit the muscle differently. Try duck footed, pigeon footed, and parallel stances

Calf cramps are common on these, so be prepared for that potentiality.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Calf Raise — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Zercher Squat

The Zercher squat is in this programming for 2 reasons.

  1. It can be fun and a nice change up from front squat (it works basically the same musculature).
  2. It can be a good replacement if you find the front squat too uncomfortable.
Zercher Squat 101

Zercher Squat — Setup

1. Bar height

  • Set the bar in the rack about the height of your belly button.

2. Elbows

  • Approach the bar and hook the arms under the bar into the crooks of your elbow.

3. Unracking

  • Squat the weight up from there and take 2-3 direct steps backwards.

4. Stance

  • The stance for the Zercher squat is typically more narrow than the back squat, but this is a personal preference.
  • Choose the stance that allows you to reach depth without getting in the way of your elbows or belly
  • Your balance point is the midfoot, so the torso angle in the Zercher squat is more vertical than the back squat. Very similar to the front squat.
  • Because the bar is on our front, we need a more vertical torso to keep the bar over midfoot.

Zercher Squat — Execution

1. Inhale and squat

  • Remember: Full lungs and a tight core are what allow you to protect your spine.
  • Breathing is the same as the back squat.
  • Exhale at the end of the movement when you are back at the top of the rep.

Zercher Squat — Coaching Cues

  • Eyes look just below straight ahead. DO NOT lead the movement with your eyes by looking up at the ceiling.
    • Cranking the neck (cervical spine) is a great way to ensure a future injury in any exercise. Lead the movement with the chest and elbows.
  • Keep the knees out.
    • Just like with the back squat and deadlift, the knees should be tracking out over the toes throughout the whole movement.
  • Keep the torso erect.

Zercher Squat — Adjustments

Low back pain is a sign of a weak core. The point of these exercises is to point out weak points and imbalances in the body so that you can fix them. You may find that the limiting factor for many movements is a weak core. Take solace in the fact that this is super simple to fix and will have secondary benefits on other aspects of your life. The remedy is to lighten the load and embrace progressive overload. Put your ego away and lift the weight that is appropriate for you on this specific day. You’ll get to the big weights when it’s time. Enjoy the process.

Elbow pain is inevitable when training the Zercher squat. Luckily it is not necessary to do this variation. If you have issues, switch to a different squat variation that produces less stress on the elbows. You can also decide to pad the elbows with a yoga mat or something similar to ease up the elbow pressure.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Zercher Squat — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise


Gain (or regain) warrior-status in just 8 weeks with this fitness plan

One of the most common reasons I’ve found that people don’t stick with a workout plan is that they go too hard too fast.

Imagine trying to qualify with the M4 at 500 yards the first day you put your hands on the weapon. That’s exactly what many people do when it comes to fitness.

We’re going to change that today.

Note: I’m going to recommend that you read through this introduction, but if you want to skip to the action and sign up right now, click here.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

You’ll never be proficient at 500 yards if you can’t hit the target at 30 yards.

(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Cpl. Alexander Mitchell/released)

Before you discharge that weapon at distance, you need to drill how to load it, zero-in the sights, clean it, support it in the different firing positions, use your breath to help your accuracy, and a hundred other things that contribute to solid marksmanship.

Likewise, when it comes to fitness, you need to drill a solid foundation first. You have to learn:

  • What your 1 rep maxes are
  • What muscles respond to high volume vs high intensity training
  • How your endurance is affected by muscle gain
  • Proper form for the various lifts so you can maximize their benefits
  • The best time of the day for you to workout
  • Where the best equipment in your gym is located
  • How fast and efficiently you recover from certain workouts
  • How changes in your diet affect your performance
  • Muscle memory of movements

All of these things are individual to you, and they are constantly changing.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

Biceps curls and the treadmill… classic sign of a foundationless approach.

High and Right

When you start hitting high and right on a target at 100 yards, it may only be off by an inch or two. But when you move out to 500 yards it is now off by feet and probably not even hitting the target.

If you try to jump into a hard-core program that has six 2-hour lifting sessions a week without establishing a baseline, your accuracy of the movements, ability to recover, and overall muscle/strength gain are going to be high and right. This potentially means injury, or more commonly translates to a level of muscle soreness that prevents you from making any actual gains.

That soreness, also called DOMS, is often enough to make you say “fugg it! The weight room isn’t for me,” or to decide that you’re meant to be flat-chested and have chicken legs forever.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

Don’t let this happen to you in the gym by biting off more than you’re ready for.

I’ve seen the equivalent on civilian ranges countless times. Some ding-dong shows up with a weapon he’s never fired. He starts by trying to hit the target from the furthest distance available, fails to hit the target, gets frustrated, starts firing at a rapid pace (against range rules) like an obese Rambo, and gets kicked off the range for being a jackass.

Don’t be like that in the gym by doing too much too fast and quitting due to excessive soreness and a lack of fundamental understanding of what makes lifting weights a therapeutic art. Both lifting and marksmanship can be forms of meditation if done correctly–which is completely lost on your local bicep-curling gymrat and the average gun enthusiast who knows the nomenclature of every weapon in Call of Duty but consistently loads rounds in the clip backwards.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

Let’s get you zeroed-in.

(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Gunnery Sgt. Robert B. Brown Jr.)

The Plan

So how do you make sure you aren’t the maniac Rambo-firing at the gym?

The MIGHTY FIT Plan is the first program at We Are The Mighty dedicated to this pursuit.

All too often, people try to make a lifestyle change or get ready for a new military school by firing from the 500 yard line while standing. This is a foundationless approach.

Build your foundation over the next 2 months with The MIGHTY FIT Plan.

This plan is for those who are ready to start taking control of their fitness with a proven method. Just like the rifle range, you need to set an accurate baseline by zeroing in your weapon, doing some dry fire drills, and firing test rounds at a close distance.

Your body is your weapon. This plan will zero in your body to become efficient and effective at all the lifts.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

There’s always a way to train once you decide to execute.

(U.S. Marine Corps photo by Sgt. Jonathan Wright)

This plan is designed to:

  • Introduce you to the main compound movements and their proper forms
  • Establish and progressively increase your ability to recover from workouts
  • Build a base level of muscle that will enable you to thrive in all your other athletic pursuits (including unit PT)
  • Allow you to figure out how to fit lifting sessions into your already busy schedule
  • Learn your body and how it responds to training

So, how do I get The MIGHTY FIT Plan?

Click here to get the MIGHTY FIT Plan + The Fat Shred Plug-in for FREE in the Composure Fit App.

The Exercises

Over the next eight weeks, you’re going to become familiar with the following exercises — save this link so that you can always come back and re-familiarize yourself:


The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Hip Thrust

Hip thrusts are for everyone, especially military professionals. If you have weak glutes, you suck at hiking. 5 reasons to hip thrust:

  1. To increase butt hypertrophy #assgains
  2. To improve deadlift lockout strength
  3. As a squat warm-up to get rid of hip pain
  4. Improved athleticism AKA hiking ability
  5. Increase sprint speed and explosiveness

Moral of the story: Don’t skip these just because you don’t want to be seen humping the air in the gym.

Hip Thrust 101

Hip Thrust — Setup

1. Find your comfortable position

  • Find a bench that’s the right height. If you’re sitting on the ground with your back straight against the bench, you should be able to place the bottom of your scaps just above the bench.
  • You can stack aerobics steps, use a free weight bench, use a stationary bench, or if none of these are the perfect height, you can sit on a step or weight to get you to the right height.
  • Your second option is to use your arms to help you get into position once you have the weight on your hips. With this option, your glutes won’t touch the ground on the bottom of each rep, because you shimmied your way up the bench
  • Pad the barbell with whatever your gym has. A squat pad, yoga mat, airex pad, foam roller with a hole in it, or a hip thrust specific pad will work.
  • Pain is a detriment to muscle recruitment. If there is a searing pain, you will unconsciously be weaker due to neurological preprogramming. Don’t be tough, get more padding.
  • Place the barbell at the most comfortable position for you near the hip-crease.

2. Look straight ahead

  • Look yourself in the eye in the mirror or straight ahead at the wall. Don’t break eye contact.
  • Looking forward will prevent you from extending your low back. Low back extension is not a hip thrust and is wrong. It also prevents you from making eye contact with other humans…which may be perceived as harassment with this movement.

Hip Thrust — Execution

1. Vertical movement

Press into the heels and drive the hips up vertically while squeezing the glutes.

  • Full range of movement ends when you are in posterior pelvic tilt and your glutes are fully engaged.
  • If you think of your pelvis as a bowl, posterior pelvic tilt is when the front rim of the bowl is higher than the back rim (the bowl’s contents would spill out the back).
  • If you aren’t squeezing your glutes as hard as possible you’re wrong.
  • STAY OUT OF YOUR BACK. The hip thrust is all about extending your hips and engaging your glutes. The lift should not continue into the spine, causing a backbend.
  • Drive through your heels. That’s where you will find maximum glute recruitment.
  • You can keep your feet flat on the ground or lift your toes.
  • If breathing correctly, there should be little concern for any back issues with this exercise. The breathing cadence is simply good practice and allows you to keep the entire core engaged isometrically which is exactly how you should be used to contracting whenever you are moving something heavy. Just like with the other main lifts:
  1. Inhale and brace with your core
  2. Conduct a repetition
  3. Exhale at the bottom

Hip Thrust — Coaching Cues

  • Look forward
  • Stay out of the back
  • Drive through the heels
  • Pivot on the mid-back
  • Don’t push horizontally on the bench
  • Keep core engaged
  • Keep ribs down

Hip Thrust — Adjustments

Hip pain is inevitable if you don’t pad the weight. Don’t be a tough guy. Pad it up.

Neck pain is possible if you are leading the movement with your head. Keep your eyes facing forward and this won’t happen.

Knee pain is a result of trying to drive horizontally through the toes. Lift the toes and drive through the heels. Remember the hips are moving vertically, pivot on your back and use all of your force to drive your hips up by squeezing the glutes.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Hip Thrust — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise


The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Deadlift

Here we go again! Deadlifts. The name comes from the fact that each and every rep should start at a complete dead stop, unlike the squat or the bench press where the stretch reflex is involved in the rep.

Deadlift 101

Deadlift — Setup

1. Bar over midfoot

  • When you approach the bar on the ground, step your feet under the bar, about hip distance apart. Stand close enough to the bar that it comes over your midfoot. This is about 1 inch away from the shins.
  • This is your balance point. Pulling vertically from this point will keep a straight bar path and make the lift as efficient as possible.
  • Stay locked in this position. All other steps should not move the barbell and mess up this step.

2. Take grip

  • Bend at your hips with soft knees and take your grip just outside of the legs.
  • The straighter your arms, the shorter distance you have to move the bar. This is the most efficient position.

3. Bring shins to bar

  • WITHOUT MOVING THE BARBELL, bend at your knees and bring your shins to the bar.
  • Your hips should not move: they are already in the most advantageous position for you to exhibit the most strength.

4. Press your chest up and lock your back into place

  • Try to “bring your belly to your ass.”
  • This will achieve both a locked and neutral spine and a presented chest.
  • The shoulders will be slightly in front of the barbell at this point.

Deadlift — Execution

1. Brace the core

  • Inhale and take the slack out of the bar by completely bracing the core muscles as you take a full breath in. Your arms should be straight, and you should hear the bar “click” as it touches the upper part of the weight’s sleeve.

2. Pull the bar up along the legs

With a flat back and straight, long arms, drag the barbell up your legs. The balance point (the point directly over midfoot) is directly along your legs for the entire movement.

  • Tight lats will keep the bar against your legs and prevent it from swinging forward and out of balance.

Squeeze your glutes at the top.

  • Finish with hip extension, NOT back extension.

Allow the bar to follow the exact same path back down to the starting position.


  • Don’t exhale at the top. Take a full breath when you have the bar back on the ground.

Deadlift — Coaching Cues

  • Eyes look at the ground 5-10 feet in front of you
  • Tight lats
  • Press the feet through the floor
  • Push knees into the elbows at the start position and keep them there
  • Tight is right. Comfort does not ensure proper form
  • Lifting is not comfortable and not painful. It’s in the middle, outside of the comfort zone but not in the danger zone. That’s where growth happens.
  • Each rep starts from a dead stop.

Deadlift — Adjustments

If you’re squatting your deadlifts, stop. Use a kettlebell or dumbbell to teach you how to actually hinge at your hips.

  • Take a kettlebell and hold it behind your back with both hands, like you’re being handcuffed.
  • Hinge at the hips by pushing the hips backward.
  • If you are doing this correctly you will feel the kettlebell “pushing” against your ass, opposing the backward movement.
  • If you are doing this incorrectly, you’ll feel the kettlebell hanging freely behind you because you are squatting straight down.

Low back pain is a sign that you are not neutral through your low back. Drop the weight and focus on a neutral spine. With load, it will feel hyperextended, even though it is just at neutral.

If your low back is in flexion at all, YOU’RE WRONG. Drop the weight and become more strict on your form. If your back is in flexion, it means you will have to finish the deadlift by bringing your spine in neutral. The spinal erectors are not designed to bring huge weights from flexion to extension, they are designed to contract isometrically.

Sometimes the hands hurt. This could mean you need more chalk or to trim your calluses. Remember: lifting is not comfortable. The deadlift will never feel like getting a back rub from your secret lover (unless, of course, she’s a dominatrix.)

Neck pain happens when you are cranking on your neck to “lead” the movement. Don’t do that. It won’t make you stronger. Choose a spot 5-10 feet in front of you on the ground and look there the entire time. This will keep your neck in neutral.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Deadlift — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Back Squat

The low bar back squat is the ultimate exercise for overall muscular development, it recruits more muscle groups than any other exercise if performed correctly.

Barbell Back Squat 101

Back Squat — Setup

1. Grip bar and position

  • Set your bar on the squat rack at about nipple height. Facing the bar, grip it with both hands slightly wider than shoulder-width distance–you want to get as close to shoulder distance as possible while still maintaining some level of comfort in the shoulder. The closer together your grip, the more of a shelf you will be able to develop for the bar to rest on your back.
  • Keeping your grip on the bar, duck under the bar and set it evenly on your upper back. The bar should be rested on your rear delts (the back of your shoulders)–not on the top of your shoulders, and not on your neck/cervical spine, which will feel terrible (this is a high bar squat which has different mechanics). Squeeze the shoulder blades together.

2. Unrack the bar

  • With your feet planted evenly under the bar, “squat” the bar up out of the rack.
  • Take 2-3 small direct steps backwards. The bar moves up and then back. Never diagonally.

3. Set feet

  • Heels about shoulder width apart.
  • Toes pointed at about 30 degrees. Think of your feet as “at attention,” but instead of heels touching they are at shoulder-width distance. Experiment with this to get the most comfortable stance that allows for the best depth. Wider legs and more pointed toes will tend to be better for those with big bellies, long legs, or both.

Back Squat — Execution

1. Breathe and Squat

  1. Inhale and brace with the abs. The pressure from the full lungs and tight core are what protects the spine. Spinal protection in the squat has NOTHING to do with vertical back angle. Keep the eyes fixed on a spot on the floor 5 feet in front of you.
  2. Squat with a straight bar path. Don’t let the bar come forward or backwards at all. Straight down and straight up. Stay in your ass, with a tight core (see breath above), and make the tailbone move straight up and down: the rest of the body will follow.
  3. Don’t let the knees collapse inward. Actively “twist” your knees apart so that they track over your toes. You’ll feel this engage the muscles in the side of your glutes, which may be an entirely novel sensation for you.

2. Finish and exhale at the top

  1. Knees and hips should lock out softly at the top. Don’t “snap” into position: be easy on your joints.
  2. Every rep finishes with an exhale at the top when you are finished with the movement. Don’t exhale on the way up, as this reduces intra-abdominal pressure and puts your spine in a compromised position.

Back Squat — Coaching Cues

  • Breathe at the top
  • Knees track out over toes for the entire movement
  • Vertical bar path, stay in your tailbone/ass
  • Balance is over the midfoot
  • Eyes look at the ground 5-10 feet in front of you

Back Squat — Adjustments

The bodyweight squat, the goblet squat, and machine assisted squats can all be less taxing alternatives to the barbell back squat if you are injured or need adjustment.

If you have issues reaching depth due to pain or lack of mobility in the ankles, try the reaching plate squat to learn how to use a counterbalance to keep your balance over your midfoot.

If you have pain in your knees, try warming up with 3 sets of 20 hip thrusts from the floor with a moderately heavy dumbbell. It’s been shown to reduce knee pain.

If you have undiagnosed nonspecific back pain, you need to embrace the process of progressive overload. Perform the movement with an empty or very light barbell. As soon as the weight starts to cause pain during or even after the exercise, stop or go lighter next time. Over the next few months, slowly progress in weight as you’re able. You will more likely than not find that once you learn how to move through the squat pattern comfortably, the pain will go away.

Many trainees experience “growing pains” in the beginning of their first real training plan. Learning to differentiate between your body adjusting to the new training and actual pain due to an issue is an invaluable skill that needs to be developed.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Back Squat — Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise


The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Horizontal Rows

It is important to hit your back musculature from various angles and grip widths. Change your horizontal pull of choice every 4-6 weeks. When programming, consider heavy squats and deadlifts as back exercises as well. These large compound movements engage much of the posterior chain (back muscles) in an isometric contraction. The majority of the things we use our backs for are isometric contractions (stability and support).

Horizontal Pulls 101

Horizontal Rows — Setup

1. Exercise selection

Choose a variation that you like and stick with it for a minimum of 4 weeks.

2. Range of motion

Ensure that you can fully express the entire range of motion comfortable for whichever variation your choose.

Some Options

  • Barbell Bent Over Row
  • Underhand EZ Bar Row
  • Row to Chest
  • 1-Arm Dumbbell Row
  • Chest Supported Row
  • Row Machine
  • 2-Arm Dumbbell Row
  • Cable Row

Horizontal Rows — Execution

1. Shoulder blades

Allow the shoulder blades to move through their full range of motion.

  • Rows are a back exercise with secondary effects on the biceps. If your shoulder blades (scaps) are locked into a position, you are by definition NOT going through the full range of motion for your back muscles.

2. Elbows

Don’t pull your elbows past the torso

  • Pulls are a back exercise. When you pull your elbow beyond the torso you are engaging rear delt which isn’t the purpose of the movement. In addition, you’re putting unnecessary stress on the anterior portion of the glenohumeral joint (front of your shoulder).

3. Breathing

  • Exhale as you pull the load towards you (concentric phase).
  • Inhale as you allow the weight away from you (eccentric phase).

Horizontal Rows — Coaching Cues

  • Full range of motion in your shoulder blades
  • Breathe with the movement
  • Think: Pull to the hip to prevent single arm variations from pulling past your torso
  • Maintain control through both the concentric and eccentric phases

Horizontal Rows — Adjustments

Choose a variation that doesn’t cause pain. There are many variations that all do an adequate job.

Back pain is often caused by rocking the upper body during the movement. Lock your core down. Focus the exercise on the intended musculature. If your whole torso is rocking you are cheating your pulling muscles out of gains.

If a particular variation bothers your wrists, switch to a supine or neutral grip variation.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Horizontal Rows — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Bench Press

The bench press is the ultimate bro workout staple, it also teaches ancient Celtic art of moving heavy stuff while grunting. If there is any aspect of your life in which you are expected to express horizontal force production the bench press should be your default.

Bench Press 101

Bench Press — Setup

1. Position on the bench

  • Lay under the bar on the bench. When you look straight up at the ceiling, you should be looking just in front of the bar, with the bar at your eyebrow level.
  • Draw the shoulder blades together. Set up your scaps as tight as possible in order to elevate your chest and lock your upper back into a position to generate the most power. If you reach up for the bar, you should be able to unrack it without losing this position for the back, so make sure your bar is racked at the appropriate height.

2. Feet engaged, back arched

  • The feet should be flat, wider than hip distance, and just behind the knee, firmly planted on the ground.
  • The bench press is a full body exercise. Everything from your toes to your head should be engaged. This helps generate power and tightness from the toes up. The feet help push the back into an arch to get the chest into a more advantageous position.

3. Grip

  • Grip the bar so that at the bottom of the movement, the forearms are vertical from both the front and the side.
  • Thumbs are around the bar, not tucked behind. This is for the safety of your face.
  • Bar rests on the heel of your hand so that it is directly stacked over your ulna and radius (forearm bones). This is the same concept as rifle marksmanship, bone stacking for stability.

4. Test your balance and touch points with an empty bar.

  • Your balance point is directly over your shoulder joint. When the bar is unracked, take it directly above the shoulder joint, look at the ceiling. This is your sight picture that you’ll bring the bar back to on every rep.
  • Lower the bar to your chest. Your touch point is 3-4 inches below your shoulder joint, on the sternum.
  • The bar path can’t be vertical in the bench press, even though that would be mechanically preferable. The bar must move forward slightly on the way down to spare the shoulder from grinding into impingement on every rep. Think of the bar path as a diagonal from sternum at the bottom to shoulders at the top.

Bench Press — Execution

1. Inhale, execute, exhale

  1. Unrack the bar with straight arms, and find your balance point above your shoulders. Inhale and brace everything tight, so you bleed no energy off and the chest can rise more.
  2. As fast as possible while still maintaining control, take the bar from the balance point to the touch point and back again–from above the shoulders, to touch the sternum.
  3. Touch the touch point. Don’t bounce off the touch point. When you press you are pressing up and back in order to get the bar back in line with the balance point as quickly as possible.
  4. Exhale and reset for rep two.

Bench Press — Coaching Cues

  • The ceiling stays in focus the entire time. Bring the bar into your sight picture, not vice versa.
  • Don’t let the elbows flare out in line with the shoulders, but there’s no need to hug them in either–ideal armpit angle is around 75 degrees when the elbows bend.
  • Engage from toes up.
  • Back arched and lats tight is best position for your shoulder health.
  • Press your back into the bench as hard as you press the bar away from your chest. The movement is 2 opposing forces.

Bench Press — Adjustments

Dumbbell variations are the easiest adjustments to make if you are feeling discomfort with the barbell.

If you have shoulder pain, ensure that your elbows are not in line with your shoulder. The armpit angle should be roughly 75 degrees when the elbows are bent. Remember: The bar path of the bench press is not perfectly vertical. A vertical bar path is a great way to guarantee shoulder pain. In order to alleviate persistent shoulder pain, perform only close grip presses for a couple of weeks, or use dumbbells in a way that does not aggravate the shoulder.

For elbow pain, ensure that your lats are tight and the elbows maintain a similar width for the entire movement, as this will prevent you from adding stress to the elbow. Try switching to a neutral grip dumbbell bench for a few weeks until pain subsides.

Wrist pain is common in those with a jacked-up grip. The bar should be resting on the bottom of you palm (heel of the hand) so that it is not causing the wrist to take the entire weight of the bar. Try to keep the wrists straight. Reread the grip section and get the barbell on your palm. Once the weight gets especially heavy, it is hard to avoid some wrist pressure, so at that point, you may invest in some wrist wraps.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Bench Press — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Triceps Training

The triceps are pressing muscles (where the biceps are pulling muscles). You use the triceps in all pressing movements. The purpose of this training is to isolate the triceps by using them primarily to extend the elbow. Guidance for triceps training is very similar to biceps training. The movement is just opposite.

The Keys to Triceps Training

Triceps — First, Watch This:

Regardless of the triceps exercise you actually decide to perform these keys hold true. Fail to abide and your arm growth will suffer. Full article at: https…

Triceps — Setup

1. Exercise selection:

Choose the triceps variation you most enjoy or feel the most work from.

  • DON’T choose the exercise that allows you to use the most weight. The more difficult a movement is/ the weaker you feel the greater benefit you will get from the movement.
  • Bear in mind there is a huge difference between a movement that is difficult and one that is causing pain. If things cross over to painful then they are also non-productive and will set you back in your training rather than helping progression.

2. Consistency:

Choose an exercise and stick with it for at least 4 weeks in order to see some gains and improvements in movement efficiency. If you switch every week you won’t be able to accurately measure if you were able to do more work than last week.

Triceps — Some Options

See ‘Further Resources’ for links.
  • Skullcrusher
  • JM Press
  • Dips
  • Assisted Dips
  • DB Skullcrusher
  • Cable Tricep Pushdown
  • Cable Rope Pushdown
  • Bar Skull

Triceps — Execution

1. Range of motion:

Execute full range of motion. DON’T CHEAT.

  • Bragging rights go to those that make a workout harder with less weight. That means you are more meticulous and efficient with your movement.

2. Control

Maintain control. NO MOMENTUM.

  • Momentum means you aren’t using your muscle. It’s cheating as well.
  • If your elbow is causing your shoulder joint to move, you are probably cheating.

3. Breath

Exhale on the contraction (downward movement), inhale on the extension (upward movement).

  • If the weight is so heavy you need to brace with your core to prevent cheating, it’s too heavy for you to be using it.

4. Tightness

Keep lats and elbows tight.

  • Think lying Port Arms with the rifle in drill..

5. Elbow Isolation

Isolate the elbow.

  • The only joint opening and closing should be your elbow.

6. 3 Contractions

  1. Concentric: the downward portion when you are opening the elbow angle.
  2. Isometric: the very bottom of the movement where there is no movement. Straight elbow.
  3. Eccentric: the upward portion, where you are closing the elbow angle. Do this slowly, and focus. This is a huge part of every rep.

Triceps — Coaching Cues

  • Breathe with the rep
  • Don’t crank on your neck (it won’t help)
  • Eyes should remain stationary
  • Don’t drop weight (eccentric portion is just as important as the concentric)
  • Tight lats and elbows

Triceps — Adjustments

If your triceps hurt, don’t do additional triceps training. These are an ancillary exercise. You get all the triceps stimulation you need to live in the world from pressing movements like the bench press.

If your elbow is bothering you and you refuse to stop training triceps, try switching to a neutral or even pronated grip variation. Often over supination of the elbow is where the issue comes from.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Triceps — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise


The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Dumbbell Shoulder Press

Shoulder presses are secondary to the barbell overhead press, which more completely engages all the musculature it takes to press something overhead. The DB shoulder press is designed to add extra mass to the deltoids as well as assist in becoming stronger for the overhead press.

Shoulder Press 101

Dumbbell Shoulder Press — Setup

1. Exercise Selection

Choose a weight that will allow you to observe all the below rules of engagement for this exercise.

  • You can do these either standing or sitting, just stay consistent with your choice so you can measure gains in strength.

Dumbbell Shoulder Press — Execution

1. Starting position

Grip the dumbbells in each hand and bring them up to rest on your shoulders, thumbs facing in, elbows out wide but slightly in front of the body’s lateral line (your sides). The exercise begins when you press the weight off the shoulder.

  • The first rep will always be the hardest because you are starting below the actual start position of the exercise.

2. Concentric portion

Brace your core, then straighten the arms to bring the dumbbells overhead on a directly vertical path.

  • The top of the rep is when the delts are still engaged just before the elbows lock out.

3. Eccentric portion

Bend the elbows to bring the dumbbells straight down.

  • The bottom of the rep is when the upper arm is just below parallel with the ground.

Dumbbell Shoulder Press — Coaching Cues

  • Don’t bounce or cause momentum.
  • Momentum means you are no longer working the intended muscle, but instead taking advantage of physics.
  • Use full range of motion.
  • Don’t shorten the reps to allow you to use higher weight. Full range of motion is vital.
  • Be proud of making an exercise hard with a lighter weight. That’s workout efficiency.
  • Don’t let the shoulders flare.
  • The elbows should be wide, but not so wide that they’re in line with the sides of the body.
  • Maintain tension.
  • Don’t lose tension at the top of the exercise and rest. Stop just short of locking out your elbows in order to maintain constant tension.

Dumbbell Shoulder Press — Adjustments

Low back pain is the most common complaint in this exercise. Tighten down your core as described above and stay there throughout the movement. When performing the standing variation of this exercise, squeeze your ass tight. The more grounded you are, the less likely it is that you’ll hyperextend through the low back.

If you have shoulder pain, ensure that your elbows don’t go past parallel with the ground on the eccentric (bottom) portion of the movement. Also ensure that your elbows are slightly more forward than the sides of the body, not in line your sides, and not behind it.

If your head hurts, you probably chose a weight that is too heavy, neglected to ask for a spot, and lost your grip. Now you have a concussion. See a doctor.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Dumbbell Shoulder Press — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise


The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Dumbbell Flys

Dumbbell flys are sometimes looked down on by serious strength athlete. The truth is that flys often help train the movement of the bench better than benching can. The act of squeezing the pecs together in the fly provides a very obvious muscular contraction. That same contraction is what should be felt in the bench press as well. If your press doesn’t feel like you’re squeezing your pecs together the fly movement will fix that issue very effectively.

DB Flys 101

Dumbbell Flys — Setup

1. Exercise selection

For the dumbbell fly, choose a light dumbbell that you can maintain perfect form with for the entirety of each set.

  • For the cable fly, choose a weight that you don’t need to cheat with on the final reps and that you don’t slam back into the stack like an egomaniac.

Dumbbell Flys — Execution

1. Tight back

Lay on your back in a similar set up to the bench press, scapulae drawn in together.

2. Starting position

Start with the weights at the top of the movement with arms perpendicular to the ground, shoulders externally rotated (fingers facing midline).

3. Eccentric portion

Open the arms to the side in a “fly” motion, in a slow and controlled movement that engages the muscles eccentrically.

  • Breathe in as the weights move down (the eccentric portion of the movement).

4. Concentric portion

When you feel the maximum stretch response at the bottom of the movement with soft elbows, begin the concentric portion of the movement by bringing the arms back to the starting position, up until just before perpendicular.

  • Breathe out as your contract your chest while the weights are traveling upwards (the concentric portion of the movement).

5. Constant Tension

Maintain tension throughout the entire set and don’t bounce in the bottom portion of the exercise.

Dumbbell Flys — Coaching Cues

  • The goal is constant tension throughout the entire movement.
  • Don’t rest at the top
  • Don’t rest out the bottom
  • Full range of motion is exactly where you feel the chest engaged.
  • Too far open allows you to rest
  • Perfectly perpendicular to the ground at the top is a rest (because the joints are stacked).
  • The arms don’t have to be perfectly straight.
  • Conduct the movement with soft elbows.

Dumbbell Flys — Adjustments

If you find flys particularly difficult, switch to the pec dec.

These are an ancillary exercise and can be switch out for any other chest exercise that you prefer more.

Remember the primary chest developer in this program is the bench press. If you don’t feel that this variation is making you better/stronger in the bench press, then choose another variation.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

Dumbbell Flys — Further Resources

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Leg Press

The leg press gets a bad rep because it’s the exercise that chronic leg day skippers prefer when they finally do decide to lift legs. In reality, the leg press is an excellent addition to any training program in order to get more lower body work without loading the spine.

Leg Press 101

Leg Press — Setup

1. Foot placement

Place your feet on the top half of the platform.

  • The lower your feet are on the platform the more knee flexion you will experience, which can cause knee pain for some people.

Leg Press — Execution

1. Safeties

Unload the platform by pressing it away slightly so that you can disengage the safeties.

2. Eccentric prep

Inhale and brace your core.

3. Eccentric portion

Let the weight down until your shins are parallel to the ground.

  • This is typically the same depth as proper squat depth, however we are all special little snowflakes so compare the feel to your squat and get deeper if you need to.
  • Shins parallel is minimum depth. If you don’t reach parallel you are cheating yourself out of gains.
  • Literally no one cares how much you can leg press. Trying to show off with a really heavy leg press is a waste of your time and will make your mother shake her head in disapproval.

4. Concentric portion

Press the weight away from you.

5. Breathing

Exhale when you are at the top of the movement. Inhale, brace, and repeat.

Leg Press — Coaching Cues

  • Stay out of your back.
  • When things get hard, people almost always decide to throw their low back into hyperextension.
  • Breathe and brace every repetition with a strong core and full lungs before every rep.This is how you are strongest.
  • Hyperextending through the back will never make you better at anything except cat/cow in yoga

Leg Press — Adjustments

Knee pain can be adjusted for by moving your feet higher on the platform or reducing the weight.

Low back pain is the result of a loose core during the exercise. Even though this is a safe exercise, you still need to properly brace every rep or you risk throwing your back into extension. It’s easy to tell with the leg press if you’re doing this. If there is any daylight between your back and the upright seatback, you need to tighten that shit down.

Caveat: This exercise guidance should never usurp the advice of your medical professional. If there is a question in your mind as to the suitability of this exercise for you confer with your doctor. WATM is not liable if you do something ill-advised after reading any of our fitness content.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

4 tips to help you get into the hom​e workout groove

If working out from home is bumming you out, it’s time to suck it up and work hard anyway. This time in quarantine will separate the winners from the losers and the wheat from the dang chaff.

I get it, working out where you sleep and watch Netflix sucks. But no one knows how long this will last and if you want to have some level of fitness at the end, you’ll have to make the most of the situation.

If you’re finding it difficult to establish a workout routine at home, here are a few ideas to get back on track.

How to work out in 10 minutes

Make a plan and stick to it

Even though this is the simplest and most obvious idea on this list, you need to make a plan.

The main problem when you’re locked in your home is that it’s way too easy to convince yourself to sleep an extra hour or watch that next episode. If you’re alive and sentient at all, you know how easy it is to rationalize getting that workout in tomorrow instead of now.

If you want to come out of this pandemic in decent shape, make a plan to train daily and stick to it. Even 10 minutes of dedication each day will eventually lead to more.

As you would with gym workouts, make a plan that establishes the type of workout you’ll do, the body parts you’ll hit, and the end goals of each workout. With a plan, you’ll be less likely to skip out.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

Or better yet get out of the house and go to an open and spacious space that you can train at.

U.S. Marine Corps photo by Cpl. Margaret Gale

Set up a workout area

Almost everyone knows that stepping into a gym means go time. You’ve invested time, money, and effort to be there. These factors make getting into the groove much easier.

But training where you live and sleep can be challenging.

If this describes your situation, set up a specific area for your training, and keep your equipment there.

By dedicating specific space to your workouts, you’ll no-doubt be able to create a different mindset once you step into that “gym” area. This mindset can help you challenge yourself and get the most out of your workouts.

Not to mention, walking past that gym area can help remind you of the importance of your fitness goals. This reminder will help motivate you and make it less likely that you’ll skip a workout.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

1000 squats… not my favorite challenge but definitely not the worst thing I’ve ever heard of.

U.S. Marine Corps photo by Cpl. Margaret Gale

Decide on new goals to pursue

If you had specific fitness goals before this mandatory lockdown, you probably feel a bit defeated, especially if you were making some serious progress.

But now, it’s time to stop sulking and decide on a new goal.

No one knows how long you’ll be without your standard equipment. Instead of sulking about your lost gains, pick something new and incredibly challenging to achieve.

Maybe you’ve been slacking on your runs. Fortunately, exercise is considered “essential,” during this quarantine as long as you keep your distance from others. What if you decided on specific running and endurance goals?

What if instead, you set crazy goals like lunging a full mile or performing 1,000 bodyweight squats in less than an hour? Do you think you could?

Even though these goals might not have been what you envisioned, stuff happens, and times change. Suck it up and figure out a new way to be your best self.

The MIGHTY FIT Plan — Calf Raise

There’s no wrong way to get your family involved as long as you aren’t a dick. There’s no reason to make family life harder than it already is.

Photo by Graham Snodgrass

Get your family on board

Last but not least, if you have roommates or live with your family, try to get them on board with your workouts.

On top of promoting a healthy lifestyle and promoting quality family time, exercising with others can make the process much easier.

While not a guarantee, implementing an exercise routine that includes everyone is an excellent way to establish a workout routine. Plus, it can be fun if you’re not in drill instructor mode.

With any luck, you’ll come out of this quarantine with a new vision, strengthened family bonds, and new achievements on your belt. That’s a win-win-win.